Why orthopaedic Mattress?
An orthopaedic mattress will give you the right support for you, where you most need it, whatever your size and sleeping patterns. By cushioning your body and reacting as you move around, an orthopaedic mattress will help you maintain the correct alignment of your neck and spine while you sleep.
If you are uncomfortable, hot and bothered in bed, you are more likely to toss and turn – which won’t be good for your back. The best kind of orthopaedic mattress will offer motion and weight-responsive pressure relief, along with natural fillings that promote temperature control.
What is an Orthopaedic Mattress?
An orthopaedic mattress is designed to benefit the whole body and provide a restful, comfortable sleep, so that the owner wakes refreshed with no aches and pains. These mattresses support the body fully and reduce stress on the back, neck, and joints by alleviating pressure points. This provides a high level of comfort and avoids stiffness upon waking. An orthopaedic mattress has springs with a spring gauge of 12.5. A 12.5 gauge is the firmest spring used in mattresses, where the thickness of the coiled springs used in the wire is 1.94mm. 12.5 gauge springs are the most durable, with a greatly increased lifespan. There are also orthopaedic mattresses made from special foam that do not contain springs, but still provide the same orthopaedic qualities as those with springs.
Types of Orthopaedic Mattress
There are several types of orthopaedic mattress available. Each has differing qualities and drawbacks. Budget plays a crucial role in determining the best type of mattress to purchase, as do any pre-existing health or pain issues. Buying a used mattress may allow for the purchase of a high quality item at a greatly reduced cost.
Coil Sprung Orthopaedic Mattress
A coil sprung orthopaedic mattress is firm or very firm. It is suits those who experience back pain on a regular basis. The level of support that the mattress offers provides a fairly rigid surface to help the body to maintain good posture while sleeping. Compared to other types of orthopaedic mattress, coil sprung models are reasonably inexpensive and offer good value for money. The coils are open sprung, meaning that each coil is located next to and connects with the adjacent ones. This offers even weight distribution right across the bed. Coil sprung orthopaedic mattresses are durable and have a long lifespan.
Pocket Sprung Orthopaedic Mattress
A pocket sprung orthopaedic mattress has approximately three times more springs than a coil sprung mattress. Each coil is in an individual pocket. This means that the mattress responds faster and more appropriately to the movement of the body. The well padded individual pockets mean that the springs are far less likely to be felt through the top layer, providing a higher level of comfort. As the pockets keep the springs separate, it is more comfortable for those that share a bed. If one occupant moves around, the other person is not jostled or disturbed.
Memory Foam Orthopaedic Mattress
Memory foam orthopaedic mattresses are made from a synthetic material called viscoelastic. This fabric was first used in the 1960s by NASA. It moulds to the shape of the body in response to heat and pressure. Once the weight is removed, the mattress regains its original shape. Memory foam mattresses are available in different thicknesses, ranging from 2.5 centimetres to 12 centimetres. It is recommended to start with a thickness of 5cm, unless buyers have a particular need for an alternative thickness due to a medical condition. The thicker the mattress, the firmer it feels.
Memory foam mattresses support the natural sleeping posture of the body, relieving stress placed on joints and pressure points. It also helps the spine and neck to remain correctly aligned while sleeping. Memory foam mattresses also tend to feel much warmer than traditional mattresses because the dense foam acts as an insulator.
As well as being used inside the home by people of all ages, memory foam orthopaedic mattresses are commonly used in hospitals and care homes because the mattresses distribute weight evenly and provide a soft, supportive surface. This helps to reduce the likelihood of skin and tissue breakdown, which is a common complaint in hospitals and care homes across the UK. People with poor skin integrity, including the elderly, those with a poor diet or a compromised immune system, and who spend a lot of time in bed or sitting in the same position, are at serious risk of developing pressure sores. The memory foam moves with them, distributes body weight across the surface of the mattress, and reduces the risk of pressure sores on at-risk points such as the buttocks and shoulder blades. People who remain at home, but have poor skin integrity may benefit hugely from a memory foam orthopaedic mattress.
Organic Orthopaedic Mattress
Organic orthopaedic mattresses can be either coil sprung or pocket sprung. The mattress is made from a blend of organic wool and cotton. Expensive, organic orthopaedic mattresses are the perfect choice for those who suffer with dust mite allergies. Dust mites are repelled by the natural lanolin present in wool, so these beds are likely to remain mite free. The blend of cotton and wool means that these mattresses can feel very warm, with heat trapped by the woollen fibres. Organic mattresses do not generally last as long as other types unless used in conjunction with a good quality mattress protector.
Orthopaedic Mattress Sizes
The majority of mattresses in the UK are sold using traditional imperial measurements, although some manufacturers do use metric dimensions. The chart below provides buyers with the measurements for each standard mattress size in both imperial and metric scales for easy orthopaedic mattress selection.
|Single||Double||King Size||Super King Size|
Metric Mattress Size (cm)
|90 x 190||135 x 190||150 x 200||180 x 200|
Imperial Mattress Size (feet/inches)
|3ft x 6ft 3″||4ft 6 x 6ft 3″||5ft x 6ft 6″||6ft x 6ft 6″|
Using the chart above, buyers are able to identify the best mattress size with ease. Dimensions may vary slightly between manufacturers.